What is FIR?
First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they
receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of
information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the
First Information Report.
It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or
by someone on his/her behalf. Anyone can report the commission of a cognizable offence
either orally or in writing to the police. Even a telephonic message can be treated as an
It is a duty of police to register FIR without any delay or excuses. Non-registration of FIR
is an offence and can be a ground for disciplinary action against the concerned police
A cognizable offence is one in which the police may arrest a person without warrant.
They are authorized to start investigation into a cognizable case on their own and do not
require any orders from the court to do so.
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